The Sacred Valley of the Incas is called this way because within its geographical and climatic environment are composed of numerous rivers, valleys and streams, which make this valley a mandatory visit before or after your visit to Machu Picchu for many foreign and national visitors.
In this valley is settled several indigenous peoples who to this day still maintain their customs, it was also one of the most important urban centers where the main archaeological sites are: Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero, Moray, Calca and Lamay (Huchuy Qosqo).
It was a great center of agricultural production where their ability to dominate the mountainous nature made them develop their capacity in hydraulic and agricultural engineering, building terraces where the main products grown were corn (considered the best corn in the world, this has the quality for export), potato, quinoa, etc.
These lands have a climate between 8°C to 18°C which generates a temperate and appropriate climate for agricultura. In addition,this valley is irrigated by the waters of the Vilcanota river, which makes this valley the most fertile and because of that gets the name of “Sacred Valley of the Incas“.
In the Sacred Valley of the Incas highlights the archaeological site of Moray located at 53 km from Cusco, which was the largest agricultural experimental center where various micro climates were obtained due to the different levels of altitude between the platforms, the deepest hole is approximately 150 m and the average height of each platform is 1.80 m, making the Sacred Valley of the Incas the largest center of agricultural production that distributed food to the Inca empire.
It also highlights the archaeological site of Ollantaytambo that has an area of 34,800 Ha, the construction is attributed to the Inca Pachacuteq, The archaeological site of Ollantaytambo tube functions as a center of agricultural production, military and religious.
The urban functionality of this complex shows us the high degree of development and urban planning in the Inca period.
Another important archaeological site in the Sacred Valley of the Incas is Pisac, which is formed by several neighborhoods and squares among which the Intihuatana stands out. It also has the largest pre-Hispanic cemetery found in South America, which highlights the constructions made in the ravines and cliffs of the mountains and along the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
Likewise, the Sacred Valley of the Incas gives us impressive landscapes from the viewpoints as Taray observing a green valley full of vegetation, we can also enjoy beautiful walks in the towns of Ollantaytambo, Pisac and Chinchero, appreciating the cobblestone streets, houses that still maintain the Inca urban distribution from Inca times to the present day transmitting the customs from generation to generation.
It is recommended to visit the Sacred Valley of the Incas with the advice of a travel agency so you can make the most of these archaeological sites.