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ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEXES IN CALCA SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS

The province of Calca belongs to one of the thirteen provinces of the Cusco region, it has archaeological complexes that are part of the Inca culture.

All these archaeological centers in the province of Calca are in a good state of conservation and are also part of the tourist attractions of the province and are in charge of the Ministry of Culture for their conservation and preservation.

Urqo Archeological Complex (2926 m.a.s.l)

Sitio Arqueologico Urqo - ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEXES IN CALCA SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS
View of the archaeological site of Urco

Urqo is an archaeological complex belonging to the Inca culture, located on the slopes of the Qanqan hill, has beautiful Inca terraces owned by the Inca Urqo, a complex with a checkpoint and a huaca carved with a channel that leads water and reaches the figure that resembles the head of a puma or a snake, This complex is associated with enclosures, niches as windows, staggered constructions and terraces that border the entire site of Urqo, located 3 km from the province of Calca.

Ankashmarka Archeological Complex (3850 m.a.s.l)

Sitio Arqueologico Ankashmarka  - ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEXES IN CALCA SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS
View of the archaeological site of Ankashmarka

Ankashmarka or blue town, an archeological complex that was an important town associated with funerary structures and food storage in Inca times belonging to the pre-Inca period (killke), this archeological complex has a circular construction and is located 23 km from the city of Calca.

Calispuquio Archeological Complex (3145 m.a.s.l)

Sitio Arqueologico Calispuquio - ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEXES IN CALCA SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS
View of the archaeological site of Calispuquio

The Calispuquio complex is located in the community of Accha Baja in the province of Calca. Formerly it had the name of kanchispuquio which meant 7 manantes. Possibly in Inca times it was an important site of administrative control to the pre-Hispanic road of Antisuyo. It is a complex composed of terraces, plazas, and constructions of rustic and fine clay finish and is located 4.3 km from the city of Calca.

Huchuy Qosqo Archeological Complex

HUCHUY QOSQO LAMAY 1024x576 - ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEXES IN CALCA SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS
View of the archaeological site of Huchuy Qosqo

The Huchuy Qosqo complex, known in Inca times as Qaquia Jaquijahuana, was a work of Inca architecture and the favorite place of the Inca Wiracocha. Who strengthened the conquest over the people of the Vilcanota Valley in the Sacred Valley, in 1438 Wiracocha escaped from the Chancas, left the city, accompanied by his son Inca Urqo and took refuge in Huchuy Qosqo. It has a peculiar architecture with buildings built on polished stone bases of fine finish, with plaster and clay finishes and are the best preserved parts of this archaeological complex and the highest floors are made of adobe and is located 8.8 km from the city of Calca.

Pisac Archaeological Complex

Pisac Sacred valley 1024x768 - ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEXES IN CALCA SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS
View of the archaeological site of Pisac

The archaeological site of Pisac is located on a mountain formed by numerous neighborhoods and different squares among which is the Intihuatana, an enclosure with fine finishes typical of its Inca religious structure.

Pisac is an ancient toponymic that comes from the Quechua word “Pisaqa” referring to the partridge bird, a bird of the area that is related to spirituality and mysticism, later after colonization its name was changed to Pisac.

Pisac was built in the X – XI centuries during the expansion of the Inca empire.

Located 27.3 km from the city of Calca.

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