The province of Urubamba, located in the Sacred Valley of the Incas, belongs to one of the thirteen provinces of Cusco. Urubamba was one of the centers of agricultural production of the Inca Empire, near the church of San Pedro de Urubamba there are vestiges of Inca terraces that show the importance of agricultural production in the Inca Empire.
The province of Urubamba was created on June 21, 1825 with the Cusquenian president Agustín Gamarra. From the city of Urubamba you can observe the snow-capped mountains belonging to the Vilcanota mountain range, besides that in this very touristic province you can perform tourism activities such as hiking, canoeing, cycling, hiking, horseback riding. Etc.
- The province of Urubamba is crossed by the Vilcanota river that from this area takes the name of Urubamba river with the limits to the north and west to the province of La Convención, to the east to the province of Calca and to the south to the provinces of Anta and Cusco.
- It has an area of 1439.43 km2.
- The Incas took advantage of Urubamba as a fertile valley to establish their population centers, which was formed by the places of Urubamba, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero, Huayllabamba, Yucay, Maras and Machupicchu, all of which belong to the province of Urubamba.
- The main production of the Urubamba valley is the production of corn, where the best corn in the world is harvested and with the production of fruits of the valley such as capuli, quince, peaches, pears and strawberries of high quality.
POLITICAL DIVISION OF URUBAMBA
PLACES TO VISIT IN THE SAME CITY OF URUBAMBA
- The church of Santiago Apostol, built in 1650 with the support of the bishop of Cusco Manuel Molinedo, and later declared as cultural heritage of the nation for being the first church in the Sacred Valley, has a colonial architecture, an altar bathed in gold leaf and gold plating. A detail to see in this church is to see the image of an Inca with the mascaypacha, a symbol of power found on the head of the Inca as a crown.
- The house of Martin Pio Concha, was the last Spanish governor of the nineteenth century, in this place there are 360 archaeological pieces found in Machupicchu by the explorer Hiram Bingham, pieces that were returned from Yale University (United States) in which you can see metal pieces, ceramics, instruments, and other lithic pieces.
- The main square of Urubamba, which is surrounded by the beauty of the mountains, a central point of the city and very welcomed by the locals, in it you can see the church of San Francisco which was built on Inca foundations, the square is surrounded by a large number of restaurants of local cuisine and travel agency tourism and transportation.
- The Urubamba river, the sacred river of the Incas also called Wilcamayu one of the main rivers that rises from the Vilcanota knot at 4314 meters above sea level, an ideal place for the practice of adventure tourism canoeing that has water levels of 1, 2 and 3 that generate the degree of difficulty.
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS OF URUBAMBA
- Inkary Museum
- Sacred Valley Brewery
- Chalan Hacienda
- Perolniyoc Waterfalls
- Urubamba Food Market
- The church of Urubamba
- Yanacocha Lagoon
- Archaeological site of Ollantaytambo
- Machupicchu archaeological site
- Chinchero archaeological site
- Moray archaeological site
- Las Salineras archaeological site
- Yucay archaeological site